Auditory processing is a term used to describe what happens when your brain recognizes and interprets the sounds around you. Humans hear when energy that we recognize as sound travels through the ear and is changed into electrical information that can be interpreted by the brain. The "disorder" part of auditory processing disorder means that something is adversely affecting the processing or interpretation of the information.
Children with APD often do not recognize subtle differences between sounds in words, even though the sounds themselves are loud and clear. For example, the request "Tell me how a chair and a couch are alike" may sound to a child with APD like "Tell me how a couch and a chair are alike." It can even be understood by the child as "Tell me how a cow and a hair are alike."
Experts agree that children can learn to work around challenges they face when dealing with APD. But APD can present lifelong difficulties if it isn’t diagnosed and managed. Here are some skills that are commonly affected:
Children with APD usually have at least some of the following symptoms:
The LiPS® Program (formerly called the Auditory Discrimination in Depth® [ADD] program) teaches students to discover and label the oral-motor movements of phonemes (speech sounds). Students can then verify the identity, number, and sequence of sounds in words.
LiPs is designed to teach students the skills they need to decode words and to identify individual sounds and blends in words.
Once established, phonemic awareness, the essential building blocks to reading, are then applied to reading, spelling, and speech.